Elected in 2018 and breaking a nearly 20-year hegemony of central governments led by left-wing parties, Jair Bolsonaro’s administration in Brazil has suffered repeated attempts to sabotage its plans. Among Bolsonaro’s main objectives are the tightening of abortion, expansion of the ownership and possession of firearms, privatization of state companies, acceleration of public works, among others.
However, dissatisfied with the decision of most of the society, the leftists seek to disrupt Bolsonaro’s administration by various means, whether with fake news in the press, lawsuits to prevent the execution of provisional orders from the president, among others. With a majority of ministers appointed by former left-wing presidents, the Supreme Court in Brazil has interfered with Bolsonaro’s various measures, harming his government and causing public dissatisfaction.
With the Covid-19 pandemic, Bolsonaro and his ministers sought actions to reduce the effects of the Chinese virus, especially in the economic area. In April 2020, the National Congress approved, and the president sanctioned the Emergency Aid law, which paid nearly 100 dollars to more than 40 million Brazilians amid the social isolation of the pandemic. The payment for the program was equivalent to 10 years of the most famous leftist program, the “Family Assistance”.
At the beginning of the pandemic, in April 2020, the Supreme Court annulled President Jair Bolsonaro’s autonomy and authorized governors and mayors to enact quarantine without the need for a federal government decree. Bolsonaro has always been against the lockdown, as he understands that closing the economy would cause even more serious problems for the low-income population. “Hunger kills more than the virus,” the president said in 2020.